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AMERICANS DON'T WANT THE JOBS I HAVE TO OFFER. IMMIGRANTS DO | OPINION

相比美國人,移民更想要我提供的工作



DAVID MCILWAIN ON 4/25/19 AT 11:38 AM EDT

I run a small seasonal landscaping business in New Jersey.

我在新澤西州開了一家小型季節性園藝公司。

Most of my employees come from Central America. They arrive each year in early April, stay in the U.S. for eight months under seasonal work permits called H-2B visas, pay U.S. and New Jersey taxes—and return home in December as heroes to their families.

我的大部分雇員來自中美洲。每年4月初,他們抵達公司,依據H-2B簽證的季節性工作許可證上的規定,在美國停留8個月,然后支付美國和新澤西州的稅——等到12月像英雄一樣回到家里。



Obviously, the number of H-2B visas needs to be increased. Another weakness in the system is that employers and their employees with a good history are not—and definitely should be—automatically granted renewals. Finally, the application process is complex and expensive and, for the sake of small businesses, needs to be simplified.

顯而易見,政府需要增加H-2B簽證的數量。 系統的另一個缺點就是,擁有良好歷史記錄的雇員雇主并非——而是絕對應該——自動獲得續約。 最后,申請過程既復雜又昂貴,對于小企業來說,這一點需要簡化。

Before you say, “You should hire Americans,” consider this: Americans don't want my kind of jobs.

在你說“你應該雇美國人”之前, 想一想:美國人并不想要我提供的這類工作。

As a requirement of the visa process, I ran “help wanted” ads in my area, and not a single American applied. You can guess why they wouldn't: Who naturally gravitates toward hard labor for eight months and then four months of no work?

作為簽證程序的一項要求,我在我所在地區發布了“求助”廣告,然而并沒有美國人申請。 你可以猜到他們為什么不這樣做:誰會愿意辛勤勞動八個月,然后接下來的四個月沒有工作?

In contrast, workers from Central America—and Mexico, too—can return to their countries and step into jobs created there by the winter growing season. If everything is progressing as it should, these employees become available to work for their employers year after year, which helps their families, the employers and the customers needing services.

相比而言,來自中美洲和墨西哥的工人也可以返回他們的國家,抓住冬季生長季節帶來的就業機會。如果一切都在按預期進行,這些員工可以年復一年地為雇主工作,這對他們的家庭,雇主和需要服務的客戶都有益處。



Estimates suggest that there are more than 11 million “illegals” in the U.S. today. Though few people care to face the fact, the shortage of low-skilled labor in the America is a major driver of illegal immigration. That's why strengthening all existing seasonal worker programs in the U.S. is a highly desirable option, given that you can argue convincingly that most seasonal jobs kill a job for an illegal immigrant. If there were a shortage of jobs available in the U.S., few illegal immigrants would come to the country to begin with, and some already here would leave.

據估計,美國現有1100多萬“非法移民”。 盡管很少有人關心這一點,但美國缺乏低技能勞動力是非法移民的主要驅動因素。 這就是為什加強美國所有現有的季節性工人計劃是一個非常理想的選擇,因為你可以堅定地說,大多數季節性工作都不接受非法移民。 如果美國的就業機會不足,很少有非法移民會來,而原來的有些移民也會離開。