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Construction work on a moonbase could begin within the next decade as China reveals its timeline for future missions to the lunar surface.Zhang Kejian, the administrator of the China National Space Administration (CNSA), announced the plans in a recent speech.


The research facility will be located near the moon's ice-rich south pole and will be shared with multiple countries, Mr Zhang said.Ice will be needed on the moon to provide water for both human consumption and as a component for rocket fuel.The small step of a lunar base could serve not only as a platform for research but also as a refuelling station for giant leaps out into the solar system.


'Building a lunar base will accumulate experience for an eventual landing on the moon and serve as a stopover as we fly to Mars,' the state-run Beijing News reported.he reveal of the space program timeline came on both China's National Space Day and the 46th anniversary of the launch of the country's first artificial satellite, Dongfanghong, in 1970.


This part of the moon is rich in ice that can found inside of permanently shadowed craters.The whole region has been comprehensively mapped out by NASA's robotic Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.


A reliable water supply will be essential to future manned lunar missions, as is required for both human life support and also the production of rocket fuel.


This fact will position the moon as a key pit-stop for future manned craft en-route to Mars and further out into space.


Support for space exploration has been growing among the Chinese population.


President Xi Jinping is reportedly hopeful that future space missions will foster growth in Chinese aviation, robotics and artificial intelligence research, with a strong space programme being core to his ongoing 'national revival' programme.


In the more immediate future, Beijing will be sending another spacecraft to the moon later this year, in December.


The probe will collect and return samples of moon rock for analysis and display back on the Earth, Mr Zhang said.


Of course, China is not the only country reaching out towards the stars.


Officials from the Chinese space agency have said the country will return to the moon by the end of 2019 with the Chang'e-5 mission.This will collect rocks from the near side of the moon and return them to Earth for further study. Chang'e-6 will be the first mission to explore the south pole of the moon. Chang'e-7 will study the land surface, composition, space environment in a comprehensive mission, it was claimed, while Chang'e-8 will focus on technical surface analysis.


China is also reportedly working on building a lunar base using 3D printing technology. Mission number eight will likely lay the groundwork for this as it strives to verify the technology earmarked for the project and if it is viable as a scientific base. China's space agency the China National Space Administration (CNSA) also say they want to travel to mars by 2020.

據報道,中國也在致力于利用3 d 打印技術建造一個月球基地。嫦娥八號很可能為此奠定基礎,因為它正在努力證實指定用于該項目的技術,以及該項目作為科學基地是否可行。中國航天局——中國國家航天局也表示,他們希望在2020年前往火星。