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The US does not spend much more than Russia and China on military-once you factor in Purchasing Power Parity(PPP)

一旦考慮了購買力平價,美國在軍事上的支出并不比俄羅斯和中國多多少



There is this constant saying that the US "spends the most on miltitary and you can combine the world's budget and it wouldn't equal the US". However this is skewed because if you are looking at exchange ratios for USDs and not looking at purchasing power parity, the US does seem like this. However once you take in PPP, the US should not be much more powerful than lets say Russia and China combined. US spends also a lot on giving soldiers welfare, healthcare and paying their soldiers as a decent career.

人們常說,美國“在軍事上的支出最多,把全世界的預算加起來也比不過美國”。然而,這是不公允的。因為如果你只看美元的匯率,而不看購買力平價,美國看起來確實是這樣的。然而,一旦你按購買力平價來算,美國應該不比俄羅斯加中國多多少。美國還在士兵福利、醫療和職業待遇方面投入了大量資金。



$606 Billion for the US vs China's $434 in terms of PPP equivlancy. This is simply due to the fact in PPP terms, the US economy is smaller than China. You can probably buy a fighter jet in China much cheaper with less US dollars, similar how a American buys beer cheaper when going to Mexico. US does spend more on carrier and air forces, while China focuses more on land forces, so US does have the ability to hop around more around the world, and has more world bases. In terms of percentage of GDP, the US is not overwhelming to any degree and Russia spends a higher percentage.

按購買力平價均等性計算,美國和中國分別為6060億美元和434億美元。原因很簡單,因為按購買力平價計算,美國經濟規模小于中國。你可以用更少的美元在中國買到更便宜的戰斗機,就像美國人去墨西哥買啤酒更便宜一樣。美國確實在航空母艦和空軍上投入了更多資金,而中國更注重陸軍,所以美國確實有能力在世界各地維持存在,擁有更多的世界基地。就軍費的GDP比例而言,美國并不具有壓倒性的優勢,俄羅斯的支出比例更高。



So this talk on how the US military is spending too much vs. they are not spending enough, is easy to understand. If Chin and Russia attacked tommorow, they could probalby put up a real good fight if US acted alone. However the US has its allies(NATO, SK and Japan). The debate is whether or not the US should spend much more or much less is just a balance and compromise between independent action or allies. Also, the US has to deal with Iran and North Korea, as well as fight against Jihadism. So its not difficult to understand when people say "the US is stretched thin".

因此,關于美國軍隊支出過多與不足的討論,很容易就可以理解。如果中國和俄羅斯明天進攻美國,如果美國單獨行動,中俄很可能打出一場漂亮的仗。然而,美國有盟友(北約、韓國和日本)。爭論的焦點是,美國是應該增加還是減少支出,是應該獨立行動還是和結盟一起的平衡和妥協。此外,美國必須處理伊朗和朝鮮,并打擊圣戰主義。因此,當人們說“美國被攤薄了”,這并不難理解。