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5 WAYS TO MAKE A SHANG-CHI MOVIE LESS RACIST

五種讓《上氣》電影不那么種族歧視的方法

譯者前言:前幾天漫威啟動了首位華人英雄上氣的選角。這一消息在知乎上引起了極大的爭議,多數人都覺得上氣的設定,尤其是他父親傅滿洲的形象非常的辱華,所以呼吁抵制這部電影。傅滿洲確實誕生于對黃種人的歧視,這點其實外國人都心知肚明。但漫威要拍的是上氣而不是傅滿洲,他們也說明了會對上氣的設定進行修改。因此,我認為大家大可不用這么激進,等電影設定出來,辱華與否自有公論。這篇The Geek Twins文章的作者便指出了一些上氣的問題,并嘗試對他的設定進行修正,使其不這么“種族歧視”。文章是6月寫的,所以并不是針對7月份的這個新聞。最后,翻譯的文章有刪減。

文章來源:Thegeektwins



Late last year it was revealed that Marvel Studios is "fast-tracking" a movie about Shang-Chi and making the first Marvel movie to have a lead Asian character. It's pretty awesome and could change the face of Asian representation in American films.

去年漫威宣布他們正準備拍攝首部由亞洲人主演的超級英雄電影上氣。這非常棒,而且可能會改變亞洲人在美國電影中的印象。

The only problem is that Shang-Chi is racist. Very racist. So racist that Chinese people are already talking about boycotting the film. I'm a huge fan of the character but there are some improvements that would make him even better.

但問題是上氣其實挺種族歧視的。非常種族歧視。以至于在中國已經有人號召要抵制這部電影。我也是上氣的粉絲,但這個英雄在設定上確實有很多需要改進的地方。

First, I'll talk about the history of Shang-Chi. Then I'll talk about how Shang-Chi was born out of the "yellow peril" era. Finally, I'll talk about what Marvel needs to do to make a movie that can honor the comic books without passing on the cultural legacies and stereotypes. All it takes is a few tweaks to his background.

首先,我會說說上氣的歷史,包括他和“黃禍論”的關系。最后,我會提出一些可以改進的地方,讓這部電影既能尊重原著又能拋去那些文化遺留和刻板印象。



WHO IS SHANG-CHI?

上氣是誰?

(譯注:這個我就不翻譯了,直接抄百度百科吧,略有改寫。)

Shang-Chi is known as the "master of Kung-Fu" and the Marvel Universe's greatest open-handed fighter. He first appears in the 1970s and debuted in 1973's Special Marvel Edition #15. He was created by the legendary Steve Englehart and Jim Starlin who also created Thanos.

上氣本名鄭商奇(Zheng Shang-Chi),是傅滿洲(Dr. Fu Manchu)與一位經過基因挑選的美國白人女性所生。從小隱居,過著與世隔絕的生活,由父親與師父訓練習武,并成為一名功夫大師。傅滿洲的本意是讓上氣成為一名刺客,但他在對武術的參悟中,對父親產生了懷疑。想要用自己的功夫行俠仗義的時候,得知一直尊敬的父親其實是一個邪惡的魔頭,于是擺脫父親的控制,走上了英雄之路,并大義滅親的消滅了傅滿洲。

All pretty awesome but here's where the problems come in.

聽起來很棒,但問題也隨之而來。

1. THE PROBLEM WITH FU MANCHU

問題一:傅滿洲



How to Fix It: Get Rid of Fu Manchu.

修正的方法:去掉傅滿洲



Variety says that the writer Dave Callaham is "writing the scxt that will ultimately modernize the Shang-Chi story and character arc". Hopefully, that includes getting rid of Fu Manchu.

Variety報道過寫手Dave Callaham正在創作“讓上氣更跟得上時代的故事和角色設定”,希望這包括了去掉傅滿洲。

2. HE'S A KUNG-FU MASTER

問題二:功夫大師



How to Fix It: Focus on his superpowers

如何解決:專注于他的超能力

Shang-Chi is Chinese. So, of course, he knows kung fu. The stereotype of the martial arts master is deeply ingrained in Asian portrayals in the media. Most of the time when there's a fight scene the Asians use karate even if no one else does.

上氣是中國人,所以他很自然懂得功夫。這種中國武打片的刻板印象已經深深刻在了電影媒體對亞洲演員的表述上。很多時候影片里只要有打斗鏡頭,就有亞洲人在用空手道。

Marvel decides to create a movie focusing on their first Asian superhero and, BINGO! He's a kung-fu master! It's hard to make up a story like that.

漫威決定要拍亞洲超級英雄的電影,你猜對了!他是個功夫大師!像這種設定很難拍出好故事。

First, show that he has the ability to create duplicates of himself. Then, show that he learns martial arts to harness the power. It takes the focus away from his superpower of being really, really Chinese.

那么該怎么辦呢?他們可以嘗試轉移觀眾的視線。例如,首先讓上氣有多重分身的能力;然后讓他學習武術來活用這種能力。這種做法能讓他擺脫身為中國人就是功夫大師的刻板印象。

3. SHANG-CHI'S NOT CHINESE

問題三:上氣其實不算中國人



How to Fix it: Make his parents Chinese

如何解決:讓他的父母成為中國人



Plus, in the comics, Shang-Chi is raised in a palace designed to emulate ancient China. But he's still a native-born American. So if Marvel did a literal translation from the comics Shang-Chi would be a biracial Chinese-American. Again, I'm not knocking Asians for not being born in Asia, but it would be more impactful if Shang-Chi were.But Marvel could go the other way and make him a man born of two Chinese parents who is born in China and emigrates to America.

另外,在漫畫中,上氣是在一個仿古宮殿中長大的。但是他依然是土生土長的美國人。所以如果漫威完全按照原設定,上氣其實是個華裔美國人。事實上,讓上氣變成土生土長的中國人是個更好的設定。如果漫威更進一步,把上氣的父母都設定成中國人就更好了。

4. THE WHITE SAVIOR TROPE

問題四:白人救世主思想



How to Fix It: Make Shang-Chi Chinese and not dependant on white people

如何解決:讓上氣成為中國人,而且不要再依賴白人



5. SHANG-CHI'S SUBSERVIENT

問題五:低聲下氣的上氣



How to Fix It: Make him a rebellious loner

如何解決:讓他成為一個叛逆的獨行者

In the early stories of Shang-Chi, he is dependant on those around him to navigate the world. That's because he had never been in the real world before. He needed guides. But there is also the stereotype of the submission Asian. In fights, he would dominate, but he always bowed to others in social situations.

在上氣的早期故事中,他在日常生活中經常依賴身邊的角色。這是因為他對現代社會并不了解,所以需要其他人的指引。但這也是對于亞洲人恭順的刻板印象。上氣在戰斗中獨領風騷,但在生活中卻常常對人低聲下氣。

This was a common stereotype of orientals until Bruce Lee came along. He was a strong, sexy leading man and no one had ever seen anything like him. Behind the scenes, he fought against the media stereotypes and intentionally only took roles that challenged perceptions.

這是對東方人的刻板印象,直到李小龍打破了這種成見。他強壯,有號召力,前無古人。在銀幕下,他為擺脫媒體的刻板印象而奮斗,而且只出演與這種觀念相違背的角色。

More recent portrayals of Shang-Chi make him more rebellious and less dependent on others. Most recently the Avengers rely on his ninja skills to make him a covert operative and a loner. That's the way Marvel should go. Break the mold and make him a loner not dependant on anyone. It worked for Captain Marvel.

最近上氣經常被描繪成一個反叛的獨立者。復仇者聯盟最近的很多行動都要依賴上氣的忍者技巧,這讓他成為一個獨立的秘密特工。這是漫威應該前進的方向,讓角色更加獨立,就像驚奇隊長那樣。

Plus, his back story is rich for internal conflict. Early stories show him struggling with his love and hatred of his father. He was raised by this man to be a killer against his will. play on that and show him angry at the world but determined to make things right.

在家上,上氣的角色背景本來就包含各種內心沖突。早期故事中對父親的愛和恨就是一個例子。這讓他成為了一個對世界抱有怒氣但卻有決心做正確事情的人。


WHAT IF MARVEL DOESN'T GET SHANG-CHI RIGHT?

如果漫威把上氣搞砸了怎么辦?

China is a huge market for Hollywood. If they offend that market they can kiss blockbuster status goodbye. Plus, they're status as a diversity trend-setting studio with movies like Black Panther and Captain Marvel will fade away.

中國是一個巨大的市場。如果漫威激怒了這個市場,那么他們就可以和電影大賣說拜拜了。另外,他們作為多元文化工作室的形象也會毀于一旦。

So Marvel, please get Shang-Chi right. Get rid of Fu Manchu, don't focus on his martial arts and make him a tough loner. He deserves it.

所以漫威,好好拍上氣。去掉傅滿洲,不要只著重功夫設定,讓他成為一個獨行硬漢。上氣就該是這樣。


譯者后言:雖然我并不是完全贊同這些更改,但既然一個普通外國人都能意識到上氣原設定種族歧視的問題,憑什么漫威的編劇不能?讓我們平心靜氣地拭目以待吧。